Different Types of Beams

Beams are generally horizontal structural members which transfer loads horizontally along their length to the supports where the loads are usually resolved into vertical forces. Beams are used for resisting vertical loads, shear forces and bending moments.

Different types of beams can be classified based on the kind of support.

The four different types of beams are:

  1. Simply Supported Beam
  2. Fixed Beam
  3. Cantilever Beam
  4. Continuously Supported Beam

1. Simply Supported Beam
If the ends of a beam are made to rest freely on supports beam, it is called a simple (freely) supported beam.
Simply supported beam

2. Fixed Beam
If a beam is fixed at both ends it is free called fixed beam. Its another name is a built-in beam.
fixed beam

3. Cantilever Beam
If a beam is fixed at one end while the other end is free, it is called cantilever beam.
Cantilever Beam

4.Continuously Supported Beam
If more than two supports are provided to the beam, it is called continuously supported beam.
Continuously Supported Beam

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Vinodh Reddy is a Mechanical Engineer and Editor-in-chief of ME Mechanical. He holds a Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) degree in Mechanical Engineering. He also blogs at EduGeneral. He is interested in the farming field.

All Comments

  • I really appreciate the answer, pls can i have any opportunity to speaker you sir?

    David Ochima Jun 19, 2017 9:46 pm Reply
    • Sure, You can contact me through email vinodh(at)me-me(dot)xyz

      Vinodh Reddy Chennu Jun 22, 2017 2:30 pm Reply
  • What are beams made of?

    Asogwa Chibuike Dec 12, 2018 5:23 pm Reply
    • Materials used for choosing depends upon the requirement and functionality. Generally, materials like Steel, wood and concrete are used for modern construction.

      Vinodh Reddy Chennu Dec 18, 2018 10:01 am Reply
  • Great info, thanks for sharing it.

    Civil Lead Oct 1, 2021 12:29 am Reply

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